What are the Human Female Sex Organs?

What are the Human Female Sex Organs?

The female reproductive system is made of external and internal sex organs.

• The external reproductive organs alternatively known as genitals include the vulva, clitoris, labia, mons pubis, and the vaginal opening.

• On the other hand, the internal reproductive organs include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus.

In this article, we highlight the facts about the internal and external female sex organs and their respective functions within the human anatomy.

1. External female reproductive organs

• The Vulva
It is the external part of the female reproductive system that covers the vaginal opening and other reproductive organs within the female pelvis.

• The Labia
The labia are two pairs of lip-like skin flaps that cover the vaginal opening.
The most external pair of labia consists of two fleshy and large skin flaps known as the labia majora, which protect and enclose other external sex organs while also secreting oil and sweat.
The inner labia consist of two smaller lip-like skin flaps that lie inside the labia majora and surround the opening of the vagina and urethra.

• The clitoris
The clitoris is a sensory organ that is positioned where the labia folds join towards the front of the vulva.

• The mons pubis
The mons pubis or ove mound’ in common language is a fleshy area above the top of the vaginal opening often covered by pubic hair.

• The vaginal opening
The vaginal and urethral openings are conjoined and lie between the two pairs of labia.

2. Internal female reproductive organs

• The Vagina
The vagina is a hollow tube made of thick muscles that can contract and expand, and it extends all the way from the vaginal opening to the uterus.
The vagina is used for intercourse and it also serves as a birth canal.

• The Hymen
The hymen is a thin skin-like tissue, which partially covers the internal part of the vaginal tube, and it often gets torn after sexual intercourse.

• The Cervix
The cervix is the thick-walled and strong muscular region that covers the region connecting the vaginal hollow or tube to the uterus.
The cervix’s opening is as thin as a straw, but it can expand to allow the passage of a baby during childbirth.

• The uterus
The uterus is a muscular and hollow organ within the pelvis, with a thick lining of strong muscles.
The pear-shaped organ can expand and contract depending on the stage of pregnancy. when a woman is not pregnant the organ can contract to 2 inches wide and 3 inches long.

• The fallopian tubes
The fallopian tubes are hollow tubes located at the upper left and right corners of the uterus, and they connect the uterus to the ovaries.

• The ovaries

The ovaries or gonads are two oval-shaped organs on the upper left and right ends of the uterus. They produce, store, and release the ova or eggs, which are fertilized by male sperms in the fallopian tubes and then passed on to the uterus for implantation and growth.

The ovaries also secrete female sex hormones such as progesterone and estrogen because they are part of the endocrine system.


The female sex organs constitute of external and internal reproductive organs. The organs are essential in facilitating intercourse and the production of female sex hormones, which influence female behavior, sexuality, and physiology.

For more information, check out Wikipedia’s comprehensive article.